M. Guy Verhofstadt
The man of the
L'homme de l'an
De man van het jaar
A proven Democrat, protector and
fighter for justice and human rights in the World.
Een bewezen Democraat, beschermer en strijder voor rechtvaardigheid
en mensenrechten in de Wereld.
Un prouvé démocrate, protecteur et combattant pour la justice et des
droits de l'homme dans le Mond.
Eine bewährte Demokrat, Beschützer und Kämpfer für Gerechtigkeit und
Menschenrechte in der Welt.
zaštitnik i borac za pravdu i ljudska prava u Svijetu.
M. Barak Hossein Obama
peace in the world
vrede in de wereld
la paix dans le monde
Garantie des Friedens in der Welt
mieru vo svete
mira u svijetu
Fógra tábhachtach Nuacht
Congress of North American Bosniaks, Canadian Branch
Press release - November 17, 2011.
Historically important day for
relationship between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Canada
Mr. Brian Masse, Member of the Canadian Parliament and sponsor of
the Srebrenica (remembrance) Genocide Day, which was adopted last
year in the Canadian Parliament informed the Congress of North
American Bosniaks, Canadian Branch that a Friends of Bosnia and
Herzegovina Group has been formed in the Canadian Parliament.
The Friends of Bosnia and Herzegovina Group in the Canadian
Parliament consists of:
Chair: Mr. Dave Mackenzie, MP,
Vice Chair: Mr. Brian Masse, MP,
Vice Chair: Mr. Bernard Trottier, MP,
Executive Member (Treasurer): Mrs. Nina Grewal, MP,
Executive Member: Senator Raynell Andreychuk.
Group currently has 26 members
Special credit for the formation of the Group in the Canadian
Parliament goes to H.E. Biljana Gutic-Bjelica, Ambassador Bosnia
and Herzegovina in Canada, MP Nine Grewal and Dzenita Hozo.
It is also important to emphasize that the formation of the Friends
of Bosnia and Herzegovina Group was assisted by the Bosnian
Community in Canada led by Congress of North American Bosniaks and
Institute for Research Genocide, Canada.
The special assembly on Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Canadian
Parliament will provide support to the Canadian Parliament with the
necessary political and economic reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina,
to improve cooperation between the two states. With this new
establishment there is an aim to also improve cooperation between
the two parliaments, and the present the values of Bosnia and
Herzegovina in the Canadian society.
After the recognition of the Bosnian language in Canada, the ability
to use the ethnic name Bosniaks in the Canadian political and
statistical documents, the adoption of the Srebrenica Genocide
resolution in the Canadian Parliament, the establishment of a
parliamentary procedure regarding the genocide in Bosnia and
Herzegovina, the formation of the Friends of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Group in the Canadian parliament demonstrates a successful start,
but the process of lobbying for the interests of Bosnia and
Herzegovina in the Canadian cultural mosaic must continue.
Prof. Emir Ramic
President of the Congress of North American Bosniaks, Canadian
World Security Network reporting from London in the United Kingdom,
October 10, 2011
Dear Cavkic Salih,
Sir Richard Dearlove, former head of the British Secret
Intelligence Service (MI6).
"Al-Qaeda is losing ground in the Arabic World and the Middle
East as a different narrative arises in those societies. It is
operating on its periphery and faces an issue of credibility."
Sir Richard Dearlove, Chief of the British Secret Intelligence
Service between February 1999 and May 2004,
describes 9/11 in London as a defining historical moment.
The event changed our view of the world and led to a rethinking of
national security as well a new definition of security and defence
US foreign policy was evaluated and changed as a result of 9/11.
As the US thought itself to be immune against events of such magnitude,
the psyche and politics of American society was changed. An event of
such dimensions could not be handled only with the help of criminal law
which explains those changes.
The roles of the involved parties are nevertheless far from clear.
Sir Richard Dearlove who was the leader of the British Secret Service
during 9/11 stressed that under the presidency of Barack Obama there has
been more action against Al-Qaeda – for example in the North of Pakistan
– than there was under President Bush, even though the public often
perceives the situation differently. Distrust and hate against Al-Qaeda
have increased – also among the moderate Islamic parties that argue for
the democratic rights that Al-Qaeda rejects. Such developments can be
recognized in the events of the Arab spring.
It can therefore be noticed that Al-Qaeda is losing ground in the
Arabic World and the Middle East as a different narrative arises in
those societies. Al-Qaeda faces difficulties with the implementation of
their operations even though they have sometimes been successful – as
the attacks in Madrid and London have proved. It thus becomes obvious
that Al-Qaeda works on its periphery and faces an issue of credibility,
The new characteristics of intelligence work
are also evoked by Dearlove:
- interdependent, different intelligence agencies are
internationally and domestically cooperating
- political cooperation between states takes place even though
their views on topics such as the treatment of human rights might differ
- this cooperation can be compared to a mosaic which is very
complex in its structure
- a lot of material concerning the topic is produced which might
not always be relevant to the daily work of intelligence agencies
- challenges are created by the establishment of
non-organisations as well as by the ephemeral nature of resource
In any case, the possibility of another catastrophe has to be
kept in mind at all times.
Al-Qaeda is grasping for political influence.
Dearlove makes it clear that Al-Qaeda is not identical
to the Taliban movement. The association between the two is merely a
relationship of convenience. As Al-Qaeda has no political agenda, it is
not possible to start negotiations. No political or territorial
objectives can be identified but we are instead confronted with a list
of beliefs, values and religious aspirations. This differentiates them
from groups such as the IRA or the Basque movement which clearly have a
political program and are therefore able to participate in negotiations.
Ten years after 9/11,
Al-Qaeda still tries to make political impacts. The war
in Iraq only accelerated the decline of Al-Qaeda as the group made
mistakes and faced the union of Sunnite tribes which supported the US in
the region. Dearlove adds that Pakistan seems to be the most probable
target at the moment. As Al-Qaeda may try to stir up the relationship
between India and Pakistan, this might cause a geopolitical
destabilization. This situation also poses a very serious threat of
nuclear war as a nuclear reaction can be set up very easily by Pakistan
if the country faces attacks by its neighbour India.
The Arab Spring and the events currently taking place in Egypt,
Libya and other countries are moments of hope, says Dearlove.
Nevertheless, risks of radicalization do exist. Dearlove worries that
the uprisings in the Middle East might only appear to be in tune with
our views and values on the face of it. He particularly worries about
the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and wonders what their objects will be
in the future.
For Somalia, Dearlove sees hope in the faraway future, as local
political structures should and can develop there. Nevertheless,
Al-Qaeda will cause problems there. Yemen on the other hand seems to be
a bigger concern. There must be an attempt to create a stable government
and Yemenites have to be supported in building up security in their own
Saudi Arabia only faces minor changes in social attitudes as well
as minor law changes which mean that social change will only happen very
slowly. In that time a radicalisation could take root within the
conservative system but Dearlove adds that the region is too complex to
predict its future development.
Although Sir Richard Dearlove states that it is difficult to make
sense of the future, he names several potential future threats:
- he marks the potential of Iran to destabilize the region
- Pakistan is once again named as a fragile country
- one has to wait and see what the future holds for the states in
which the Arab Spring took place
- failing authoritarian regimes as well as tribalism will be
topics to deal with in the future
Nevertheless, counter-terrorism will only be one issue on the
world’s political agenda. As Al-Qaeda loses ground, it will no longer be
the centre of our attention.
World Security Network Foundation